A little premature child is born during the week of pregnancy 34 + 0 – 36 + 6
A moderately premature infant is born during the 28th week of pregnancy from 0 + to 33 + 6
A very premature baby is born before the 28th week of pregnancy.
A baby born prematurely first needs special care in the ward. Parents can stay with their child as much as they want and attend their basic care. Local conditions affect whether the child is transferred to another hospital after well-being or whether the child is treated throughout the treatment period at the same hospital. A baby born in week 35 or over in good shape may be in the ward with the mother.
A prematurely born baby does not usually get home before week 35 of pregnancy. The length of hospitalization of a little prematurely born child is individual and depends on the child’s early stage problems. A little premature child usually does not need specialized medical follow-up after discharge, but normal nursing care is sufficient.
A little premature baby nutrition
Breast milk is the primary nutrition for all newborns, including premature infants. A little premature infant may practice breastfeeding, but usually needs extra milk to support breastfeeding in order to maintain sufficient energy and maintain normal blood glucose levels. Additional milk can be given in the maternity hospital primarily to the mother’s own milk, donated breast milk or regular infant formula, either from a nipple bottle or through a nasal tube. Parents are taught how to use the nasal gastric tube and can also be used in the child bed ward. With the nasal tube, you can get home if needed.
A baby born under 1800g needs at least a start with enhanced nutrition. Breast milk is strengthened with a powder containing protein, calcium, phosphate and vitamin. If there is not enough breast milk, a special formula for premature babies is used. Depending on the birth weight and growth of the child, fortified nutrition will be continued either during the hospital stay or at approximately the calculated time and approximately 3 kg. The family will receive instructions from the doctor about the baby’s nutrition before going home.
A child born under 2.5 kg has low iron stores and needs iron therapy from 2 to 4 weeks of age to 1 year of age. In addition, children born less than 2.5 kg and premature need Kesko drops containing vitamins and folic acid, which, according to separate instructions, are given up to 3-4 kg in weight or the end of the bottle. Vitamin D is started at a few days of age and continues through childhood.